The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas
1827

Finsbury Chapel.

Finsbury Chapel.

Opposite to the last edifice is this chapel; the northern or principal part consists of a central and lateral division; the former is in two stories, besides a sunk basement. In the first story are five windows, the second has six fluted Ionic columns, their bases resting upon the cornice of the lower story, and their capitals sustaining an entablature and pediment. In the intercolumniations are windows covered with architraves sustained on antae. In the side divisions are entrances of a corresponding character with the windows last described; they are inclosed within a larger frontispiece of the same form, surmounted with an attic--the whole of this portion, except a small part of the walls of the body of the chapel seen behind the lateral division of the facade, is covered with stucco; the body of the chapel is poligonal, and built with white brick, with compo dressings: the elevation consists of two stories; the basement is compoed, and the principal story is ornamented with ante at the angles, sustaining an entablature and cornice. In the intervals, between the antae, are three series of windows, the lower tier are square, the second are lofty, and are in the form of truncated pyramids, the upper windows are smaller and nearly square: the interior is approached by the two entrances in the northern front, and another in a small porch at the opposite extremity. The plan is composed of a square, lengthened by a semi-octagon attached to the side opposite to the principal entrance; the fittings up are of the most singular description, the whole inside having a decidedly theatrical arrangement. The body of the chapel is filled with pews rising in an amphi-theatrical style from a small pit in the centre; two ranges of galleries surround the whole building; the fronts of the lower range are composed of an entablature surmounted by an attic, and sustained upon square pillars; the upper range project less than the lower; they are sustained upon slender iron columns with leaved capitals; the fronts are composed of open iron work of a reticulated pattern. The galleries across the northern portion of the building are straight; the lower is sustained upon cantilevers; in other respects it corresponds with the inside galleries. The roof is horizontal, having one row of square pannels all round. The pulpit stands in the central area, a short distance from the northern portion of the building; it differs from every kind hitherto known, and is chiefly distinguished by its extreme shew and gaudiness; in general form and arrangement, it is an imitation of the choragic monument of Lisikrates at Athens, but the columns of the peristyle, instead of being Corinthian as in that building, are here Ionic: the shafts are fluted; the fillets, mouldings, and every other enrichment being gilt; the cella, by way of variety, is Waterloo blue; instead of the conical roof of the original, it finishes with a low circular attic, which is approached by a double flight of stairs, with highly gilt ballustrades; and amidst all this shew and glitter, and trumpery, sits the preacher, exalted rather like a throned prelate of the church of Rome, than a humble presbyter of the secession kirk of Scotland. The chapel was built from the designs of W. Brooks, esq.

Opposite Albion chapel was formerly situated

Opposite to the last edifice is this chapel; the northern or principal part consists of a central and lateral division; the former is in stories, besides a sunk basement. In the story are windows, the has fluted Ionic columns, their bases resting upon the cornice of the lower story, and their capitals sustaining an entablature and pediment. In the intercolumniations are windows covered with architraves sustained on antae. In the side divisions are entrances of a corresponding character with the windows last described; they are inclosed within a larger frontispiece of the same form, surmounted with an attic--the whole of this portion, except a small part of the walls of the body of the chapel seen behind the lateral division of the facade, is covered with stucco; the body of the chapel is poligonal, and built with white brick, with compo dressings: the elevation consists of stories; the basement is compoed, and the principal story is ornamented with ante at the angles, sustaining an entablature and cornice. In the intervals, between the antae, are series of windows, the lower tier are square, the are lofty, and are in the form of truncated pyramids, the upper windows are smaller and nearly square: the interior is approached by the entrances in the northern front, and another in a small porch at the opposite extremity. The plan is composed of a square, lengthened by a semi-octagon attached to the side opposite to the principal entrance; the fittings up are of the most singular description, the whole inside having a decidedly theatrical arrangement. The body of the chapel is filled with pews rising in an amphi-theatrical style from a small pit in the centre; ranges of galleries surround the whole building; the fronts of the lower range are composed of an entablature surmounted by an attic, and sustained upon square pillars; the upper range project less than the lower; they are sustained upon slender iron columns with leaved capitals; the fronts are composed of open iron work of a reticulated pattern. The galleries across the northern portion of the building are straight; the lower is sustained upon cantilevers; in other respects it corresponds with the inside galleries. The roof is horizontal, having row of square pannels all round. The pulpit stands in the central area, a short distance from the northern portion of the building; it differs from every kind hitherto known, and

418

is chiefly distinguished by its extreme shew and gaudiness; in general form and arrangement, it is an imitation of the choragic monument of Lisikrates at Athens, but the columns of the peristyle, instead of being Corinthian as in that building, are here Ionic: the shafts are fluted; the fillets, mouldings, and every other enrichment being gilt; the cella, by way of variety, is Waterloo blue; instead of the conical roof of the original, it finishes with a low circular attic, which is approached by a double flight of stairs, with highly gilt ballustrades; and amidst all this shew and glitter, and trumpery, sits the preacher, exalted rather like a throned prelate of the church of Rome, than a humble

presbyter

of the secession kirk of Scotland. The chapel was built from the designs of W. Brooks, esq.

Opposite Albion chapel was formerly situated

 
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 Title Page
 Dedication
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
collapseCHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
collapseCHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
collapseCHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
collapseCHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
collapseCHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
collapseCHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
collapseCHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
collapseCHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
collapseCHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
collapseCHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward
This object is in collection:
Edwin C. Bolles papers
Subjects
London (England)--History
Antiquities
Permanent URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10427/44306
ID: tufts:UA069.005.DO.00068
To Cite: DCA Citation Guide
Usage: Detailed Rights