The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas
1827

Brethren de Sacca.

Brethren de Sacca.

On the east side of the Old Jewry, northward, stood the first synagogue of the Jews in England, which was much damaged by the citizens of London, after they had slain 700 Jews, and spoiled the residue of their goods, in the year 1262, the 47th of Henry III.

The synagogue being suppressed, the new order of friars, called De Poenitentia Jesu, or Fratres de Sacca, because they were apparelled in sackcloth, and who had their house in London, near unto Aldersgate, without the gate, had licence of Henry III. in the 54th of his reign, to remove from thence to any other place; and in the 56th, he gave unto them this Jews synagogue. After which time, Aeleanor the queen, wife to Edward I. took them under her protection, and warranted unto the prior and brethren De Poenitentia Jesu Christi, of London, the said land and building in Colechurch-street, in the parish of St. Olave in the Jewry, and St. Margaret in Lothbury; by her granted, with consent of Stephen de Fulborn, under warden of the bridge-house, and other brethren of that house, for threescore marks of silver, which they received of the said prior and brethren of Repentance, towards the building of the said bridge.

Queen Eleanor's charter is as follows, as it now remains among the records of the chamber of London :-- Aelianora, Dei Gra. &c. Alianor, by the grace of God, queen of England, lady of Ireland, duchess of Aquitain, and by our lord king Henry; To al that shal se or hear this writing, greeting in the lord. Know yee that we are bound and held, for us and our heirs, to defend and warrant against al men for ever to the priors and friars of the Repentance of Jesus Christ, abiding in London, al their tenements, with al their appurtenances, which the prior and friars have in the street called Colcherchstrate in the parish of St. Olaves in the Jewry, and the parish of St. Margaret de Lothbury, in the city of London ; by the grant and confirmation which we have made to the said prior and brethren by this present writing; with the assent and wil of friar Steven de Fulburn, under custos of the bridge-house, and the rest of the friars of the said house, for sixty marks of silver, which we have received of the said prior and brethren of Repentance of Jesus Christ, towards the building of the said bridge, and for the finding of one chaplain, which the same prior and brethren perpetually find at their own costs, celebrating service for the soul of Richard le Ken. Which Richard bequeathed and assigned al the foresaid tenement, with al the appurtinences, to the brethren of the said house of the bridge, for the sustenance of one chaplain to celebrate service for his soul for ever, at their charges. In witness whereof, &c.

This order of friars had many good scholars, and increased in number exceedingly, until the council of Lyons decreed, that(from that time forth) there should be no more orders of Begging Friars permitted, but only the four orders; viz. the Dominicks, or preachers; the Minorites, or grey friars; the Carmelites, or white friars; and the Augustines: and so, from that time, the Begging Friars decreased, and fell to nothing.

In the year 1305, Robert Fitzwalter requested and obtained of the said king Edward I. that the same friars of the sacke might assign to the said Robert their chapel, or church, of old time called The Synagogue of the Jews, near adjoining to the mansion-place of the same Robert, where now stands Grocers'-hall. Robert Large, mercer, mayor, in the year 1439, kept his mayoralty in this house, and resided here until he died.

Hugh Clopton, mercer, mayor, 1492, dwelt in this house, and kept his mayoralty here: it was afterwards a tavern, which had the sign of the Wind-mill.

The site of the priory, &c. after various alterations, is now partly covered with a good private dwelling-house in front, and backward with a handsome capacious meeting-house of the presbyterian denomination; and till lately with two alms-houses in Windmill-court, for nine poor widows of armourers and braziers, founded by Mr. Tindal, and endowed with six shillings per quarter, and nine bushels of coals annually: and will twenty shillings per quarter to those widows who were incapable of doing any business.

From the parish-church of St. Olave to the north end of the Old Jewry, and from thence west to the north end of Ironmonger lane; and from the said corner into Ironmonger lane, almost to the parish church of St. Martin, says Maitland, was (of old time) one large building of stone, very antient, made in the place of Jews houses; but of what antiquity, or by whom the same was built, or for what use, is uncertain ; more than that, king Henry VI. in the 16th of his reign, gave the office of being porter or keeper thereof to John Stent, for term of his life, by the name of his principal palace in the Old Jewry. This was in my youth, (saith Stow) called the Old Wardrobe: but, of latter time, the outward stone wall hath been by little and little taken down, and divers fair houses built thereupon, even round about.

King Richard III. committed the keeping of the prince's wardrobe, for so it was afterwards called, to his trusty servant John Kendall, his secretary, by his patent, dated Dec. 12, 1483, and left him to dwell in the same.

In Edward VI«s reign it was alienated from the crown, being sold to sir Anthony Cope, a privy counsellor, for 60l. And, in consideration of services, the yearly value being reckoned at 6l. 13s. 4d.

On the east side of the Old Jewry in the National Debt Redemption

Office, erected from the designs of J. Soane, esq. F. S. A. In the hall is a bronze statue of W. Pitt.

The eastern side of the Old Jewry contains several capacious houses, built by sir Christopher Wren. These were inhabited by sir Robert Clayton, and sir Nathaniel Hearne, sheriff, in 1674. The family of the late Granville Sharpe also resided here a number of years.

At the west end of St. Margaret's church, in Lothbury, was a handsome water conduit, built at the charge of the city, in the year 1546, sir Martin Bowes being mayor: two fifteenths were levied of the citizens towards the charges thereof. This water was conveyed in great abundance from divers springs lying between Hoxton and Islington.

At the south-west corner of Basinghall-street, in Coleman-street ward, was anciently an old building of stone, belonging some time to a certain Jew, named Mansere, the son of Aaron, the son of Coke the Jew, in the 7th of Edward I. afterwards to Rahere de Sopars lane; then to Simon Francis. Thomas Bradbury, mercer, kept his mayoralty there, who died 1509.

In the front of the public house at the north-west corner of the Old Jewry, the sign of the Leatherseller's arms, is a bust, in stone, of a warrior in an antique helmet and cuirass, in a circular concavity, between two pannels enriched with festoons of foliage, in alto relievo. The style of the sculpture shews a period anterior to the fire: they were probably saved from some large building in the neighbourhood, and affixed in their present situation, after that calamity.

The street called Lothbury, Lathberry, or Loadberry, as it has been differently wrote, according to Stow, took its name from its being chiefly possessed by founders, who cast candlesticks, chafing-dishes, spice-mortars, and such like copper or laten works, and do afterwards turn them with the foot, and not with the wheel, to make then smooth and bright; which turning and scratting making a loathsome noise to the by-passers, that have not been used to the like, the place was, therefore, by them disdainfully called Lothbury. But it is more probable that its original name was Latenbery, alluding to the dealers or workers in tin or laten dwelling there.

On the north side of Lothbury is Tokenhouse yard, so named from an old house, which was an office for the delivery of tradesmens' farthings or tokens.

In a court near St. Margaret's church, is Founder's hall, the principal part of which has been used as a meeting house for more than a century and a half. The company hold their meetings in an adjoining house.

At the south-east corner of Coleman-street and London-wall is

On the east side of the , northward, stood the synagogue of the Jews in England, which was much damaged by the citizens of London, after they had slain Jews, and spoiled the residue of their goods, in the year , the of Henry III.

The synagogue being suppressed, the new order of friars, called , or , because they were apparelled in sackcloth, and who had their house in London, near unto Aldersgate, without the gate, had licence of Henry III. in the of his reign, to remove from thence to any other place; and in the , he gave unto them this Jews synagogue. After which time, Aeleanor the queen, wife to Edward I. took them under her protection, and warranted unto the prior and brethren , of London, the said land and building in Colechurch-street, in the parish of St. Olave in the Jewry, and St. Margaret in ; by her granted, with consent of Stephen de Fulborn, under warden of the bridge-house, and other brethren of that house, for threescore marks of silver, which they received of the said prior and brethren of Repentance, towards the building of the said bridge.

Queen Eleanor's charter is as follows, as it now remains among the records of the chamber of London :--

Aelianora, Dei Gra. &c. Alianor

, by the grace of God, queen of England, lady of Ireland, duchess of Aquitain, and by our lord king Henry; To al that shal se or hear this writing, greeting in the lord. Know yee that we are bound and held, for us and our heirs, to defend and warrant against al men for ever to the priors and friars of the Repentance of Jesus Christ, abiding in London, al their tenements, with al their appurtenances, which the prior and friars have in the street called Colcherchstrate in the parish of St. Olaves in the Jewry, and the parish of St. Margaret de

Lothbury

, in the city of London ; by the grant and confirmation which we have made to the said prior and brethren by this present writing; with the assent and wil of friar Steven de Fulburn, under custos of the bridge-house, and the rest of the friars of the said house, for

sixty marks

of silver, which we have received of the said prior and brethren of Repentance of Jesus Christ, towards the building of the said bridge, and for the finding of

one

chaplain, which the same prior and brethren perpetually find at their own costs, celebrating service for the soul of Richard le Ken. Which Richard bequeathed and assigned al the foresaid tenement, with al the appurtinences, to the brethren of the said house of the bridge, for the sustenance of

one

chaplain to celebrate

service for his soul for ever, at their charges. In witness whereof, &c.

This order of friars had many good scholars, and increased in number exceedingly, until the council of Lyons decreed, that(from that time forth) there should be no more orders of Begging Friars permitted, but only the orders; viz. the Dominicks, or preachers; the Minorites, or grey friars; the Carmelites, or white friars; and the Augustines: and so, from that time, the Begging Friars decreased, and fell to nothing.

In the year , Robert Fitzwalter requested and obtained of the said king Edward I. that the same friars of the sacke might assign to the said Robert their chapel, or church, of old time called The Synagogue of the Jews, near adjoining to the mansion-place of the same Robert, where now stands Grocers'-hall. Robert Large, mercer, mayor, in the year , kept his mayoralty in this house, and resided here until he died.

Hugh Clopton, mercer, mayor, , dwelt in this house, and kept his mayoralty here: it was afterwards a tavern, which had the sign of the Wind-mill.

The site of the priory, &c. after various alterations, is now partly covered with a good private dwelling-house in front, and backward with a handsome capacious meeting-house of the presbyterian denomination; and till lately with alms-houses in Windmill-court, for poor widows of armourers and braziers, founded by Mr. Tindal, and endowed with per quarter, and bushels of coals annually: and will per quarter to those widows who were incapable of doing any business.

From the parish-church of St. Olave to the north end of the

Old Jewry

, and from thence west to the north end of

Ironmonger lane

; and from the said corner into

Ironmonger lane

, almost to the parish church of St. Martin,

says Maitland,

was (of old time)

one

large building of stone, very antient, made in the place of Jews houses; but of what antiquity, or by whom the same was built, or for what use, is uncertain ; more than that, king Henry VI. in the

16th

of his reign, gave the office of being porter or keeper thereof to John Stent, for term of his life, by the name of his principal palace in the

Old Jewry

.

This was in my youth,

(saith Stow)

called the Old Wardrobe: but, of latter time, the outward stone wall hath been by little and little taken down, and divers fair houses built thereupon, even round about.

King Richard III. committed the keeping of the prince's wardrobe, for so it was afterwards called, to his trusty servant John Kendall, his secretary, by his patent, dated , and left him to dwell in the same.

In Edward VI«s reign it was alienated from the crown, being sold to sir Anthony Cope, a privy counsellor, for And, in consideration of services, the yearly value being reckoned at

On the east side of the in the National Debt Redemption

411

 

Office, erected from the designs of J. Soane, esq. F. S. A. In the hall is a bronze statue of W. Pitt.

The eastern side of the contains several capacious houses, built by sir Christopher Wren. These were inhabited by sir Robert Clayton, and sir Nathaniel Hearne, sheriff, in . The family of the late Granville Sharpe also resided here a number of years.

At the west end of , in , was a handsome water conduit, built at the charge of the city, in the year , sir Martin Bowes being mayor: fifteenths were levied of the citizens towards the charges thereof. This water was conveyed in great abundance from divers springs lying between and .

At the south-west corner of , in ward, was anciently an old building of stone, belonging some time to a certain Jew, named Mansere, the son of Aaron, the son of Coke the Jew, in the of Edward I. afterwards to Rahere de Sopars lane; then to Simon Francis. Thomas Bradbury, mercer, kept his mayoralty there, who died .

In the front of the public house at the north-west corner of the , the sign of the Leatherseller's arms, is a bust, in stone, of a warrior in an antique helmet and cuirass, in a circular concavity, between pannels enriched with festoons of foliage, in alto relievo. The style of the sculpture shews a period anterior to the fire: they were probably saved from some large building in the neighbourhood, and affixed in their present situation, after that calamity.

The street called , Lathberry, or Loadberry, as it has been differently wrote, according to Stow,

took its name from its being chiefly possessed by founders, who cast candlesticks, chafing-dishes, spice-mortars, and such like copper or laten works, and do afterwards turn them with the foot, and not with the wheel, to make then smooth and bright; which turning and scratting making a loathsome noise to the by-passers, that have not been used to the like, the place was, therefore, by them disdainfully called

Lothbury

.

But it is more probable that its original name was Latenbery, alluding to the dealers or workers in tin or laten dwelling there.

On the north side of is , so named from an old house, which was an office for the delivery of tradesmens' farthings or tokens.

In a court near , is Founder's hall, the principal part of which has been used as a meeting house for more than a century and a half. The company hold their meetings in an adjoining house.

At the south-east corner of and London-wall is

 
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 Title Page
 Dedication
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
collapseCHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
collapseCHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
collapseCHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
collapseCHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
collapseCHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
collapseCHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
collapseCHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
collapseCHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
collapseCHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
collapseCHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward
This object is in collection:
Edwin C. Bolles papers
Subjects
London (England)--History
Antiquities
Permanent URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10427/44306
ID: tufts:UA069.005.DO.00068
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