The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3Allen, Thomas
Brethren de Sacca.
On the east side of the , northward, stood the synagogue of the Jews in England, which was much damaged by the citizens of London, after they had slain Jews, and spoiled the residue of their goods, in the year , the of Henry III.
The synagogue being suppressed, the new order of friars, called , or , because they were apparelled in sackcloth, and who had their house in London, near unto Aldersgate, without the gate, had licence of Henry III. in the of his reign, to remove from thence to any other place; and in the , he gave unto them this Jews synagogue. After which time, Aeleanor the queen, wife to Edward I. took them under her protection, and warranted unto the prior and brethren , of London, the said land and building in Colechurch-street, in the parish of St. Olave in the Jewry, and St. Margaret in ; by her granted, with consent of Stephen de Fulborn, under warden of the bridge-house, and other brethren of that house, for threescore marks of silver, which they received of the said prior and brethren of Repentance, towards the building of the said bridge.
Queen Eleanor's charter is as follows, as it now remains among the records of the chamber of London :--
This order of friars had many good scholars, and increased in number exceedingly, until the council of Lyons decreed, that(from that time forth) there should be no more orders of Begging Friars permitted, but only the orders; viz. the Dominicks, or preachers; the Minorites, or grey friars; the Carmelites, or white friars; and the Augustines: and so, from that time, the Begging Friars decreased, and fell to nothing.
In the year , Robert Fitzwalter requested and obtained of the said king Edward I. that the same friars of the sacke might assign to the said Robert their chapel, or church, of old time called The Synagogue of the Jews, near adjoining to the mansion-place of the same Robert, where now stands Grocers'-hall. Robert Large, mercer, mayor, in the year , kept his mayoralty in this house, and resided here until he died.
Hugh Clopton, mercer, mayor, , dwelt in this house, and kept his mayoralty here: it was afterwards a tavern, which had the sign of the Wind-mill.
The site of the priory, &c. after various alterations, is now partly covered with a good private dwelling-house in front, and backward with a handsome capacious meeting-house of the presbyterian denomination; and till lately with alms-houses in Windmill-court, for poor widows of armourers and braziers, founded by Mr. Tindal, and endowed with per quarter, and bushels of coals annually: and will per quarter to those widows who were incapable of doing any business.
King Richard III. committed the keeping of the prince's wardrobe, for so it was afterwards called, to his trusty servant John Kendall, his secretary, by his patent, dated , and left him to dwell in the same.
In Edward VI«s reign it was alienated from the crown, being sold to sir Anthony Cope, a privy counsellor, for And, in consideration of services, the yearly value being reckoned at
On the east side of the in the National Debt Redemption
Office, erected from the designs of J. Soane, esq. F. S. A. In the hall is a bronze statue of W. Pitt.
The eastern side of the contains several capacious houses, built by sir Christopher Wren. These were inhabited by sir Robert Clayton, and sir Nathaniel Hearne, sheriff, in . The family of the late Granville Sharpe also resided here a number of years.
At the west end of , in , was a handsome water conduit, built at the charge of the city, in the year , sir Martin Bowes being mayor: fifteenths were levied of the citizens towards the charges thereof. This water was conveyed in great abundance from divers springs lying between and .
At the south-west corner of , in ward, was anciently an old building of stone, belonging some time to a certain Jew, named Mansere, the son of Aaron, the son of Coke the Jew, in the of Edward I. afterwards to Rahere de Sopars lane; then to Simon Francis. Thomas Bradbury, mercer, kept his mayoralty there, who died .
In the front of the public house at the north-west corner of the , the sign of the Leatherseller's arms, is a bust, in stone, of a warrior in an antique helmet and cuirass, in a circular concavity, between pannels enriched with festoons of foliage, in alto relievo. The style of the sculpture shews a period anterior to the fire: they were probably saved from some large building in the neighbourhood, and affixed in their present situation, after that calamity.
The street called , Lathberry, or Loadberry, as it has been differently wrote, according to Stow,
But it is more probable that its original name was Latenbery, alluding to the dealers or workers in tin or laten dwelling there.
On the north side of is , so named from an old house, which was an office for the delivery of tradesmens' farthings or tokens.
In a court near , is Founder's hall, the principal part of which has been used as a meeting house for more than a century and a half. The company hold their meetings in an adjoining house.
At the south-east corner of and London-wall is