The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas
1827

Sir R. Whittington's House.

Sir R. Whittington's House.

Sir R. Whittington's House

In a small court leading out of Grub-street, called Sweedon's passage, was the above building, traditionally said to have been the residence of sir Richard Whittington in the reign of Henry IV., and of sir Thomas Gresham in that of Elizabeth. Mr. Smith, who inspected it in 1791, says, It must have been the mansion of some opulent person; and sir Thomas Gresham, who is said to have been an inhabitant, might have altered it ; for of all the houses I even inspected in London, none were so substantially built. The timbers were oak and chestnut, and used in the greatest profusion. The lower parts of the chimnies, on the ground floor, were of stone, in some instances blocked up, and in others considerably lessened. The rooms had been contracted, as the wainscot portions in three instances divided the ceilings, which, when whole, must have been ornamented in a regular manner, as large masses of the cornice were visible in some of the modern closets. Upon an examination of the upper part of the house, it was discovered that a portion of the building towards the north had been taken down. Ancient Topography, p. 41.

This curious building, with the singular projecting staircase, was pulled down in March, 1805, and three small houses occupy the site; upon one is the following inscription:-- Gresham House, Once the residence of Sir Richard Whittington, Lord Mayor 1406, Rebuilt 1805.

In Hanover-square, on the east side of this street, was the house traditionally said to have been formerly occupied by general Monk, who was created duke of Albemarle, for his services in restoring king Charles II. This house, which was principally built of oak and chestnut, was pulled down in 1820-1, and three brick houses erected on its site.The curious portal of this house is engraved in Smith's Topography of London. Farther to the north is Sun-alley, which forms the boundary of the city on this side.

Proceeding westward, the next street is Whitecross-street, which is of considerable length; but this ward only takes in a small part of it. In this street was an hospital of St. Giles, founded in the reign of Edward I.; but, being a cell to a French priory, it was suppressed, among other foreign foundations, by Henry V., in the third year of his reign, who soon afterwards re-founded it for a domestic fraternity of St. Giles, and reserved the appointment of a custos to himself and his successors.

This and Redcross-street, derived their names from a white and red cross, which stood in Beech-lane.

On the west side of this street is the

 

In a small court leading out of Grub-street, called Sweedon's passage, was the above building, traditionally said to have been the residence of sir Richard Whittington in the reign of Henry IV., and of sir Thomas Gresham in that of Elizabeth. Mr. Smith, who inspected it in , says,

It must have been the mansion of some opulent person; and sir Thomas Gresham, who is said to have been an inhabitant, might have altered it ; for of all the houses

I

even inspected in London, none were so substantially built. The timbers were oak and chestnut, and used in the greatest profusion. The lower parts of the chimnies, on the ground floor, were of stone, in some instances blocked up, and in others considerably lessened. The rooms had been contracted, as the wainscot portions in

three

instances divided the ceilings, which, when whole, must have been ornamented in a regular manner, as large masses of the cornice were visible in some of the modern closets. Upon an examination of the upper part of the house, it was discovered that a portion of the building towards the north had been taken down.

This curious building, with the singular projecting staircase, was pulled down in , and small houses occupy the site; upon is the following inscription:--

Gresham House,

Once the residence of

Sir Richard Whittington,

Lord Mayor

1406

,

Rebuilt

1805

.

504

 

In , on the east side of this street, was the house traditionally said to have been formerly occupied by general Monk, who was created duke of Albemarle, for his services in restoring king Charles II. This house, which was principally built of oak and chestnut, was pulled down in -, and brick houses erected on its site. Farther to the north is Sun-alley, which forms the boundary of the city on this side.

Proceeding westward, the next street is , which is of considerable length; but this ward only takes in a small part of it. In this street was an hospital of St. Giles, founded in the reign of Edward I.; but, being a cell to a French priory, it was suppressed, among other foreign foundations, by Henry V., in the year of his reign, who soon afterwards re-founded it for a domestic fraternity of St. Giles, and reserved the appointment of a custos to himself and his successors.

This and Redcross-street, derived their names from a white and red cross, which stood in .

On the west side of this street is the

 
 
Footnotes:

[] Ancient Topography, p. 41.

[] The curious portal of this house is engraved in Smith's Topography of London.

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 Title Page
 Dedication
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
collapseCHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
collapseCHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
collapseCHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
collapseCHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
collapseCHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
collapseCHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
collapseCHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
collapseCHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
collapseCHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
collapseCHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward
This object is in collection:
Edwin C. Bolles papers
Subjects
London (England)--History
Antiquities
Permanent URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10427/44306
ID: tufts:UA069.005.DO.00068
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