The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas
1827

The Gentleman and Porter.

The Gentleman and Porter.

Sculpture of the Gentleman and Porter

This sculpture represents William Evans, porter of Charles I. and his diminutive fellow-servant, Jeffrey Hudson, dwarf to the same monarch. It was probably by his own consent, that the latter was put into the pocket of the giant, and drawn out by him at a masque at court, to amuse and divert the spectators.Fuller's Worthies, Wales, p. 54. He had too much spirit, says Mr Pennant, to suffer such an insult, from even a Goliah: for little Jeffrey afterwards commanded, with much reputation, a troop of horse in his majesty's service, and, in 1644, killed Mr. Crofts in a duel, who had ventured to ridicule the irritable hero. Evans was seven feet and a half high, Hudson only three feet nine inches. Pennant, 4to p. 235.

In Bagnio-court is the first warm bath (after the Turkish fashion) established in this country. It is situated on the west side of the court, the interior is apparently as old as the foundation, viz. temp. Charles II. and consists of an octagonal apartment, from which rises a spherical dome, enriched with stucco. The bath is lined and floored with marble, in black and white squares, and measures 20 feet by 10. The architecture of the interior very much resembles many works of Inigo Jones. Paternoster-row before the fire in 1666, was inhabited by mercers, silkmen, and lacemen, and Maitland says, that their shops were so resorted unto by the nobility and gentry, in their coaches, that oft times the street was so stopped up, that there was no passage for foot passengers.

On the wall of a house in Pannier-alley, is a figure in stone, of a naked boy sitting on a pannier, or coil of rope; and beneath is this inscription:-- WHEN YE HAVE SOVGHT THE CITY ROVND YET STILL THIS IS THE HIGHEST GROVND. AVGVST THE 27, 1688.

Mr. Pennant considers this to have been an ancient monument, placed here to denote the height of the ground.

The church of St. Michael le Querne, formerly stood at the west end of Cheapside, fronting the street; but, not being rebuilt, its site was laid into the street, in pursuance of the act for rebuilding the city.

The earliest account we find of this church, is in the year 1311, when the state thereof was returned to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's; at which time it appears to have been only a chapel, and as such it continued many years after. It was not made a rectory, till possessed by Thomas Newton, who was buried in the choir, in the year 1461. In ancient records it is called St. Michael ad Bladum, i. e. at the Corn (which posterity has corruptly pronounced Querne ;) because, at the time this church was founded, thereon was a corn-market, that reached up from it, westward, to the shambles, or flesh market; from which situation it was sometimes called St. Michael de Macello. At the east end of this church stood the Old Cross, in Westcheap, which was taken down in the year 1320, to make way for the enlarging of the church, and for the erection of a little conduit, at the north-east gate of St. Paul's church-yard; which appears to have been the standard where Walter Stapleton, bishop of Exeter, and treasurer to Edward II. was decollated by the populace, in 1326.

The annexed curious engraving is from an original survey by R. Tresswell, 1585. It exhibits the church, Little Conduit, and part of Cheapside, in an interesting and evidently correct manner.

Cheapside, &c. 1585

On the north side of Cheapside, near Foster-lane, is

 

This sculpture represents William Evans, porter of Charles I. and his diminutive fellow-servant, Jeffrey Hudson, dwarf to the same monarch. It was probably by his own consent, that the latter was put into the pocket of the giant, and drawn out by him at a masque at court, to amuse and divert the spectators.

He had too much spirit,

says Mr Pennant,

to suffer such an insult, from even a Goliah: for little Jeffrey afterwards commanded, with much reputation, a troop of horse in his majesty's service, and, in

1644

, killed Mr. Crofts in a duel, who had ventured to ridicule the irritable hero. Evans was

seven

feet and a half high, Hudson only

three

feet

nine

inches.

In Bagnio-court is the warm bath (after the Turkish fashion) established in this country. It is situated on the west side of the court, the interior is apparently as old as the foundation, viz. temp. Charles II. and consists of an octagonal apartment, from which rises a spherical dome, enriched with stucco. The bath is lined

575

and floored with marble, in black and white squares, and measures feet by . The architecture of the interior very much resembles many works of Inigo Jones. before the fire in , was inhabited by mercers, silkmen, and lacemen, and Maitland says, that

their shops were so resorted unto by the nobility and gentry, in their coaches, that oft times the street was so stopped up, that there was no passage for foot passengers.

On the wall of a house in Pannier-alley, is a figure in stone, of a naked boy sitting on a pannier, or coil of rope; and beneath is this inscription:--

WHEN YE HAVE SOVGHT

THE CITY ROVND

YET STILL THIS IS

THE HIGHEST GROVND.

AVGVST THE

27

,

1688

.

Mr. Pennant considers this to have been an ancient monument, placed here to denote the height of the ground.

The church of St. Michael le Querne, formerly stood at the west end of , fronting the street; but, not being rebuilt, its site was laid into the street, in pursuance of the act for rebuilding the city.

The earliest account we find of this church, is in the year , when the state thereof was returned to the dean and chapter of ; at which time it appears to have been only a chapel, and as such it continued many years after. It was not made a rectory, till possessed by Thomas Newton, who was buried in the choir, in the year . In ancient records it is called St. Michael , i. e. at the Corn (which posterity has corruptly pronounced Querne ;) because, at the time this church was founded, thereon was a corn-market, that reached up from it, westward, to the shambles, or flesh market; from which situation it was sometimes called St. Michael At the east end of this church stood the Old Cross, in Westcheap, which was taken down in the year , to make way for the enlarging of the church, and for the erection of a little conduit, at the north-east gate of church-yard; which appears to have been the standard where Walter Stapleton, bishop of Exeter, and treasurer to Edward II. was decollated by the populace, in .

The annexed curious engraving is from an original survey by R. Tresswell, . It exhibits the church, Little Conduit, and part of , in an interesting and evidently correct manner.

 

On the north side of , near , is

 
 
Footnotes:

[] Fuller's Worthies, Wales, p. 54.

[] Pennant, 4to p. 235.

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 Title Page
 Dedication
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
collapseCHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
collapseCHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
collapseCHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
collapseCHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
collapseCHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
collapseCHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
collapseCHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
collapseCHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
collapseCHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
collapseCHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward
This object is in collection:
Edwin C. Bolles papers
Subjects
London (England)--History
Antiquities
Permanent URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10427/44306
ID: tufts:UA069.005.DO.00068
To Cite: DCA Citation Guide
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