The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas
1827

The Scottish Hospital.

The Scottish Hospital.

This corporation was instituted for the relief of the poor and necessitous people of Scotland, residing within the cities of London and Westminster. It owes its origin to James Kinnier, a Scotsman, and merchant of this city; who, on his recovery from a long and dangerous illness, resolved to give part of his estate towards the relief of his indigent countrymen; for which purpose, having prevailed with a society of Scotchmen, who composed a boxclub, to join their stock, he obtained a charter, by which he and his coadjutors were, in the year 1665, constituted a body politic and corporate, with several privileges, which king Charles II. confirmed the following year by letters patent; wherein are recited the privileges granted in the former charter, with the addition of several new ones, viz. that they might erect an hospital, within the city or liberties of London and Westminster, to be called, The Scots Hospital of king Charles II. to be governed by eight Scotchmen, who were to chuse from among themselves a master, who, together with these governors, was declared to be a body politic and corporate, and to have a common seal. They were also empowered to elect thirty-three assistants, and to purchase, in mortmain, four hundred pounds per annum, over and above an annual sum mentioned in the first charter.

But experience soon evinced, that confinement to a charity workhouse was altogether uncongenial to the feelings of the Scottish poor. The idea of an hospital, or receptacle for the objects of the charity, was in consequence relinquished, and the plan of assisting and relieving them at their own habitations substituted. To enable the hospital to extend its relief to those objects, it became necessary to make an application for a new charter, which was granted by his late majesty, in 1775, whereby the Scottish hospital of the foundation of king Charles II. was re-incorporated, and directed to be governed, in all time coming, by a president, six vice-presidents, a treasurer, and an unlimited number of governors. A donation of ten guineas and upwards, constituting a governor for life; and a subscription of one guinea or more, but less than ten, an annual governor, so long as such payment shall continue to be made.

The present buildings are extensive; on the first floor is a handsome court room or hall (formerly occupied by the royal society, of whom it was purchased in 1782 on the demolition of the Scotch hall, Blackfriars).Vide, ante, p. 611. The ceiling is stuccoed with wreaths of foliage, flowers, &c. with the date of 1670. Over the mantelpiece, at one end of the room, is a fine half length bust of Charles II. In this apartment are several fine paintings, viz. a full length portrait of Mary queen of Scots, presented by Mr. Douglas in 1745, with this inscription:

Maria D. G. piissima regina Franciae dotaria anno aetatis Regniqe 36 Anglicae captivit 11 S. H. 1678.

J. Dobie, esq. secretary, who died 1820, by R. Phillips, R. A. The duke of Queensbury, a three-quarter length, in the robes of the order of the garter; the earl of Lauderdale, a similar painting; general Robert Melville; the earl of Bedford, a three-quarter length, in the robes of the order of the garter; above is the following inscription:

The gift of Ja. Kynneir, first master of the Scots corporation, anno domini, 1674.

The next portrait is the donor of the last painting; sir John Ayton, knt.; and a portrait unknown; but probably some presbyterian minister. Also a painting of the regalia of Scotland. Over the fire-place are the royal arms of Scotland of the time of James I. beautifully carved in oak.

Part of the premises belonging to this corporation was occupied by the philosophical society of London; the principal object of which was the diffusion of science by lectures, experiments, &c.

A chapel adjoining the hall, which formerly belonged to the hospital, is now let to a congregation of dissenters.

Fetter-lane extends from Fleet-street, in the south, to Holborn, in the north, and was anciently called Fewters'-lane, from the number of idle persons who used to frequent it, it being surrounded with gardens and houses for dissipation. In this lane resided the celebrated puritanical republican Praise God Barebones.

In Bolt-court, where once resided the learned Dr. Samuel Johnson, is the house of the Medical Society of London, a gift to the society, together with many valuable and scarce works, from the late truly philanthropic Dr. Lettsom. This society was established in 1773, and its object is the promotion of medical science. The library consists of upwards of twenty thousand volumes.

Nearly opposite to St. Andrew's church, in Shoe-lane, is situated a large house, in the occupation of Messrs. Pontifex, coppersmiths, and denominated Holborn, or Old-bourn hall, but when or by whom erected does not appear, though by its name it seems to have been the manor house. The exterior is not remarkable, but the ceiling of the first floor is very rich in stucco work, with shields and busts. In one corner is a date 1617. In the centre are the royal arms within a garter, and surmounted with an imperial crown between I. R. the initials of James I. In two other compartments are the royal arms, and two busts of Roman emperors.

Near to this mansion stood an hospital, or cell, to the monastery of Cluny in France, which was suppressed by Henry V.

Lower down, on the same side of Shoe-lane, is a burial place, belonging to the parish of St. Andrew, over the entrance into which is a carving of the general resurrection, which is well executed; but, having been repeatedly covered with paint, all the sharpness of the figures is lost.

This corporation was instituted for the relief of the poor and necessitous people of Scotland, residing within the cities of London and . It owes its origin to James Kinnier, a Scotsman, and merchant of this city; who, on his recovery from a long and dangerous illness, resolved to give part of his estate towards the relief of his indigent countrymen; for which purpose, having prevailed with a society of Scotchmen, who composed a boxclub, to join their stock, he obtained a charter, by which he and his coadjutors were, in the year , constituted a body politic and corporate, with several privileges, which king Charles II. confirmed the following year by letters patent; wherein are recited the privileges granted in the former charter, with the addition of several new ones, viz. that they might erect an hospital, within the city or liberties of London and , to be called,

The Scots Hospital of king Charles II.

to be governed by Scotchmen, who were to chuse from among themselves a master, who, together with these governors, was declared to be a body politic and corporate, and to have a common seal. They were also empowered to elect assistants, and to purchase, in mortmain,

678

per annum, over and above an annual sum mentioned in the charter.

But experience soon evinced, that confinement to a charity workhouse was altogether uncongenial to the feelings of the Scottish poor. The idea of an hospital, or receptacle for the objects of the charity, was in consequence relinquished, and the plan of assisting and relieving them at their own habitations substituted. To enable the hospital to extend its relief to those objects, it became necessary to make an application for a new charter, which was granted by his late majesty, in , whereby the Scottish hospital of the foundation of king Charles II. was re-incorporated, and directed to be governed, in all time coming, by a president, vice-presidents, a treasurer, and an unlimited number of governors. A donation of guineas and upwards, constituting a governor for life; and a subscription of guinea or more, but less than , an annual governor, so long as such payment shall continue to be made.

The present buildings are extensive; on the floor is a handsome court room or hall (formerly occupied by the royal society, of whom it was purchased in on the demolition of the Scotch hall, Blackfriars). The ceiling is stuccoed with wreaths of foliage, flowers, &c. with the date of . Over the mantelpiece, at end of the room, is a fine half length bust of Charles II. In this apartment are several fine paintings, viz. a full length portrait of Mary queen of Scots, presented by Mr. Douglas in , with this inscription:

Maria D. G. piissima regina Franciae dotaria anno aetatis Regniqe

36

Anglicae captivit

11

S. H.

1678

.

J. Dobie, esq. secretary, who died , by R. Phillips, R. A. The duke of Queensbury, a -quarter length, in the robes of the order of the garter; the earl of Lauderdale, a similar painting; general Robert Melville; the earl of Bedford, a -quarter length, in the robes of the order of the garter; above is the following inscription:

The gift of Ja. Kynneir, master of the Scots corporation, anno domini, .

The next portrait is the donor of the last painting; sir John Ayton, knt.; and a portrait unknown; but probably some presbyterian minister. Also a painting of the regalia of Scotland. Over the fire-place are the royal arms of Scotland of the time of James I. beautifully carved in oak.

Part of the premises belonging to this corporation was occupied by the philosophical society of London; the principal object of which was the diffusion of science by lectures, experiments, &c.

679

 

A chapel adjoining the hall, which formerly belonged to the hospital, is now let to a congregation of dissenters.

extends from , in the south, to , in the north, and was anciently called Fewters'-lane, from the number of idle persons who used to frequent it, it being surrounded with gardens and houses for dissipation. In this lane resided the celebrated puritanical republican

Praise God Barebones.

In Bolt-court, where once resided the learned Dr. Samuel Johnson, is the house of the Medical Society of London, a gift to the society, together with many valuable and scarce works, from the late truly philanthropic Dr. Lettsom. This society was established in , and its object is the promotion of medical science. The library consists of upwards of volumes.

Nearly opposite to St. Andrew's church, in , is situated a large house, in the occupation of Messrs. Pontifex, coppersmiths, and denominated , or Old-bourn hall, but when or by whom erected does not appear, though by its name it seems to have been the manor house. The exterior is not remarkable, but the ceiling of the floor is very rich in stucco work, with shields and busts. In corner is a date

1617

.

In the centre are the royal arms within a garter, and surmounted with an imperial crown between I. R. the initials of James I. In other compartments are the royal arms, and busts of Roman emperors.

Near to this mansion stood an hospital, or cell, to the monastery of Cluny in France, which was suppressed by Henry V.

Lower down, on the same side of , is a burial place, belonging to the parish of St. Andrew, over the entrance into which is a carving of the general resurrection, which is well executed; but, having been repeatedly covered with paint, all the sharpness of the figures is lost.

 
 
Footnotes:

[] Vide, ante, p. 611.

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 Title Page
 Dedication
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
collapseCHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
collapseCHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
collapseCHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
collapseCHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
collapseCHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
collapseCHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
collapseCHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
collapseCHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
collapseCHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
collapseCHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward
This object is in collection:
Edwin C. Bolles papers
Subjects
London (England)--History
Antiquities
Permanent URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10427/44306
ID: tufts:UA069.005.DO.00068
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