The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas
1827

St. Bartholomew the Less.

St. Bartholomew the Less.

Within the precinct of the hospital, at the north-west angle, stands the parochial church of St. Bartholomew the Less, founded in 1102, by the original founder of the hospital for a chapel to it; but, at the dissolution of the priory of St. Bartholomew the Great, this was converted into a parish church for the inhabitants of the precinct of the said hospital. It is a vicarage, in the patronage of the lord mayor, aldermen, and citizens of London ; and the building escaped the fire of London in 1666. The nest end of the church abuts on the passage leading from Smithfield to the hospital; the south side on a paved court in front of the vicarage house; the east end on a small burying ground, and the north side on the yards of the houses on the south side of Smithfield. The entire church, except the west end, has been recently rebuilt in brick, and the whole edifice covered with compo.

This church had been previously rebuilt by the younger Dance, who fearing his fame would not be sufficiently handed down to posterity by the matchless front of Guildhall, appeared in this humble church as the inventor of a new order of architecture, which Mr. MalcolmLond. Red. vol. i. page 303. calls the Saracenic Gothic stile; the characteristics were wooden pillars, with the Prince of Wales' crest for capitals, so writes Mr. Malcolm, who however, in a note, seems to take away the honour of the invention from Dance, and give it to some other person.We have unintentionally led our readers into an error on the subject of this gentleman's works, which we hasten to correct. Misled by most other works on London, we attributed the new front of Guildhall, and the church of Allhallows (vide page 197) to the builder of the Mansion House, who was the father of the architect of these latter buildings; the last mistake is the more difficult to apologize for, as we state that Allhallows church was his first building, this is strictly true with regard to the son, but not so as respects the elder Dance. If our readers then will insert the son of the, prior to the builder of the Mansion House in page 197 of this volume, the mistake will be corrected.

The plan is a parallellogram reduced to a square by a portion at one end being taken off, which is in part occupied by a square tower, and the residue by a vestibule. The outline of the body of the church is an irregular octagon inscribed in a square.

The west front has a doorway with a pointed arch, having enriched spandrils, and surmounted by a weather cornice which rests oil small half statues of angels holding shields, and above it is a modernized pointed window, made by a mullion into two lights; this portion constitutes the first portion of the tower; the second story has no light, and the third has a pointed arched window of one light in every aspect, the elevation is finished with a parapet above this story; at the south western angle of the tower is a staircase turret which rises considerably above the parapet, and is finished with a cupola. In the portion of the western front of the church, which is northward of the tower, is a modern arched window. The south side of the church has four windows; the arches are pointed, the first has one mullion and the other two mullions, crossing each other in the Chinese style in the head of the arch, the first and third windows alone are glazed, the others are blank. the octagon is seen above the wall, where it forms a clerestory, having pointed arches glazed as windows in four of the sides; the north side of the church is uniform with the south. The east end is occupied by an angular bow window, in the domestic stile of

Elizabeth's reign. The older portions are apparently about the period of the fifteenth century; the modern works are in the poorest style of carpenter's Gothic. The interior is approached by the doorway in the tower, the lower story of which forms a porch, the north and east walls being pierced with tasteful pointed arches resting on columns; the staircase is within the plan, and communicates with the interior by an open arch, and has in consequence a picturesque appearance; the remainder of the west end, which is northward of the tower, is parted by a screen from the church, and retains much of its original features. Against the north wall are two curious pieces of sculpture removed from the exterior, the uppermost is a niche with a cinquefoil head, containing a statue of an angel holding a shield charged with semee of crosses botone, a cross moline, and beneath it, in another niche, is the arms of Edward the Confessor, impaled with the royal arms subsequent to Henry the fifth's reign, surmounted by the royal crown, and sustained by two corbel busts; at each side of the window are cinquefoil niches, containing statues of angels holding shields, the bearings defaced; a portion of the plan eastward is occupied by a gallery in the centre, over a vestibule, to the right and left of which are free seats, constructed on an inclined plane ; the octagon portion is ornamented with clusters of three columns copied from the old examples; beneath the tower, in the several angles, from the capitals spring eight principal ribs, which unite in the centre of the roof in a handsomely sculptured boss; other subordinate ribs cross the larger ones in diagonal directions, parcelling the whole into compartments, the ceiling being constructed in imitation of an ancient vaulted stone roof. The four diagonal walls of the octagon are pierced with obtusely pointed arches, which let in the angles of the square portion of the plan, and creates in the whole a pleasing and harmonious design. The gallery at the west end is sustained on an obtusely pointed arch, sustaining a breast work in oak, and the organ case is mahogany, surmounted by three acute pedimental canopies, enriched with angels holding shields of arms at their springing, and by crockets in composition on the raking cornices; the altar screen is mahogany; the pulpit and desk at the sides of the altar, are not very tastefully ornamented.

The interior, though far from faultless, is in a superior style to the outside, and possesses a degree of merit which helps at once to atone for the defects of the other portion. The font is an octagon basin enriched with quatrefoils on a pillar of the same form: it is formed in composition, and situated in the vestibule beneath the organ. The central portion of the eastern window is highly ornamented with modern painted glass; it consists of twelve lights. In the upper four are effigies of the saints Bartholomew and Lazarus in the centre; in the other two lights are shields in quatrefoils; inscribed on ribbons below the arms, as follows: Henry viii

Quarterly. France and England. 2d. St. Barthom. party per pale argent and sable, a chevron counter-changed; the four lights below these sustain the Evangelists. St. Matthew is writing with his pen in his left hand. In the lower tier are the following shields, with the names as before, viz. 1st, Rayhere, gules, two lions passant guardant in pale, in chief two ducal coronets, or. 2nd. Shaw, gules, three covered cups or. on a chief argent, a ship on the sea, sailing, all proper, on a dexter canton gules, the sword and mace of the mayor of London in saltier of the second; on an escutcheon of pretence, the cognizance of a baronet of Ulster, being the arms of sir James Shaw, bart. president. 3d, Warner, or. a bend between six roses gules, being the arms of J. C. Warner, esq. 4th, Stephenson, gules, on a bend or. three leopards faces sable, being the arms of Rowland Stephenson, esq. treasurer. The colours of the whole are glaring; the reds have the hue of brick dust, and the purples, even now, are changing colour; the heraldry affords a striking contrast to the old shields next to be described, which are placed in the four windows of the clerestory, viz. 1. The royal arms, crest, and supporters, poorly executed. 2. The hospital, beneath is the date of 1619. 3. The city with the same date; the diapering of these shields very fine. 4th. Or. a fesse checky, argent and azure, surmounted by a bend engrailed gules. Crest on a wreath, a pelican in her nest feeding her young argent. The sword, mace, and cap of dignity accompany these arms, which belong to sir William Stewart, lord mayor A. D. 1722. In the west window the following arms, azure, a saltier argent on a chief gules, three mullets of the second. Crest, on a wreath, a blackmoor's head couped proper, inscribed Mr. Henrie Andrewes, alderman, 1636. The ancient monuments have been preserved; the most interesting is a handsome composition consisting of a flat pointed arch in relief, below the western window it is surmounted with a cornice of strawberry leaves, and ornamented with pannels and tracery; as the inscription was gone, it has been appropriated most absurdly, to another person, by a large inscription recording the name of Elizabeth Freke, A. D. 1741. A brass thus described by Mr. Gough still exists on the pavement, a stone seven feet two inches long, by three feet nine inches wide, with the small figure of a man and woman. He is in a gown with bag sleeves, and a standing cape and belt, and on his head a striped cap. His wife is habited in a long gown, fastened with a girdle just below her breasts, with similar sleeves reaching to her wrists, and a falling cape, and on her head a kind of veil head dress. Under her feet this inscription :-- Hic facent Will«mo Markeby de Londoniis gentlemo«qui obiit xi die Julii A D«ni Mccccxxxx, et Alicia uxor ei...

Over their heads were two shields, now gone.Sepul. Mon. vol. ii. p. 122. Against the south wall is a kneeling effigy in an arched niche of the period of James I. inscribed to the memory of Robert Balthrope, sergeant surgeon to queen Elizabeth, who died ... 15, 1690. At the back of the pillar at the south angle of the altar is a brass plate recording the re-building of the church, as follows: Thomas Covrtenay Warner armiger nosocomii D. Bartholomaei nvperrime thesavravivs extremis tabellis hanc fenestram vitro colorato exornatam proprio svmptv poni mandavit. A. D. MDCCCXXIV.

At the north angle the following: Hanc aedem iam vetvstate collapsvram pristina campanarvm tvrre conservata hvivsce nosocomii patroni restavravervnt. Jacobo Shaw baronetto praeside. Rowland Stephenson armigero thesavrario Samveli Wix A. M. vicario. A. D. MDCCCXXV.

On the north side of the church is the monument of Anne, wife of sir Thomas Bodley, the founder of the celebrated library at Oxford, it is a plain black slab, with two Corinthian pilasters supporting a pediment. Thomas Bodleius, eques auratus, fecit Annae conjugi piissimae atque omnibus exemplis bene de se meritae, cum qua dilecter visit annos 24.

Within the precinct of the hospital, at the north-west angle, stands the parochial church of St. Bartholomew the Less, founded in , by the original founder of the hospital for a chapel to it; but, at the dissolution of the priory of St. Bartholomew the Great, this was converted into a parish church for the inhabitants of the precinct of the said hospital. It is a vicarage, in the patronage of the lord mayor, aldermen, and citizens of London ; and the

616

building escaped the fire of London in . The nest end of the church abuts on the passage leading from to the hospital; the south side on a paved court in front of the vicarage house; the east end on a small burying ground, and the north side on the yards of the houses on the south side of . The entire church, except the west end, has been recently rebuilt in brick, and the whole edifice covered with compo.

This church had been previously rebuilt by the younger Dance, who fearing his fame would not be sufficiently handed down to posterity by the

matchless

front of , appeared in this humble church as the inventor of a new order of architecture, which Mr. Malcolm calls the

Saracenic Gothic stile;

the characteristics were wooden pillars, with the Prince of Wales' crest for capitals, so writes Mr. Malcolm, who however, in a note, seems to take away the honour of the invention from Dance, and give it to some other person.

The plan is a parallellogram reduced to a square by a portion at end being taken off, which is in part occupied by a square tower, and the residue by a vestibule. The outline of the body of the church is an irregular octagon inscribed in a square.

The west front has a doorway with a pointed arch, having enriched spandrils, and surmounted by a weather cornice which rests oil small half statues of angels holding shields, and above it is a modernized pointed window, made by a mullion into lights; this portion constitutes the portion of the tower; the story has no light, and the has a pointed arched window of light in every aspect, the elevation is finished with a parapet above this story; at the south western angle of the tower is a staircase turret which rises considerably above the parapet, and is finished with a cupola. In the portion of the western front of the church, which is northward of the tower, is a modern arched window. The south side of the church has windows; the arches are pointed, the has mullion and the other mullions, crossing each other in the Chinese style in the head of the arch, the and windows alone are glazed, the others are blank. the octagon is seen above the wall, where it forms a clerestory, having pointed arches glazed as windows in of the sides; the north side of the church is uniform with the south. The east end is occupied by an angular bow window, in the domestic stile of

617

 

Elizabeth's reign. The older portions are apparently about the period of the century; the modern works are in the poorest style of

carpenter's Gothic.

The interior is approached by the doorway in the tower, the lower story of which forms a porch, the north and east walls being pierced with tasteful pointed arches resting on columns; the staircase is within the plan, and communicates with the interior by an open arch, and has in consequence a picturesque appearance; the remainder of the west end, which is northward of the tower, is parted by a screen from the church, and retains much of its original features. Against the north wall are curious pieces of sculpture removed from the exterior, the uppermost is a niche with a cinquefoil head, containing a statue of an angel holding a shield charged with semee of crosses botone, a cross moline, and beneath it, in another niche, is the arms of Edward the Confessor, impaled with the royal arms subsequent to Henry the 's reign, surmounted by the royal crown, and sustained by corbel busts; at each side of the window are cinquefoil niches, containing statues of angels holding shields, the bearings defaced; a portion of the plan eastward is occupied by a gallery in the centre, over a vestibule, to the right and left of which are free seats, constructed on an inclined plane ; the octagon portion is ornamented with clusters of columns copied from the old examples; beneath the tower, in the several angles, from the capitals spring principal ribs, which unite in the centre of the roof in a handsomely sculptured boss; other subordinate ribs cross the larger ones in diagonal directions, parcelling the whole into compartments, the ceiling being constructed in imitation of an ancient vaulted stone roof. The diagonal walls of the octagon are pierced with obtusely pointed arches, which let in the angles of the square portion of the plan, and creates in the whole a pleasing and harmonious design. The gallery at the west end is sustained on an obtusely pointed arch, sustaining a breast work in oak, and the organ case is mahogany, surmounted by acute pedimental canopies, enriched with angels holding shields of arms at their springing, and by crockets in composition on the raking cornices; the altar screen is mahogany; the pulpit and desk at the sides of the altar, are not very tastefully ornamented.

The interior, though far from faultless, is in a superior style to the outside, and possesses a degree of merit which helps at once to atone for the defects of the other portion. The font is an octagon basin enriched with quatrefoils on a pillar of the same form: it is formed in composition, and situated in the vestibule beneath the organ. The central portion of the eastern window is highly ornamented with modern painted glass; it consists of lights. In the upper are effigies of the saints Bartholomew and Lazarus in the centre; in the other lights are shields in quatrefoils; inscribed on ribbons below the arms, as follows: Henry viii

618

 

Quarterly. France and England. St. Barthom.

party per pale

argent

and

sable

, a chevron counter-changed; the

four

lights below these sustain the Evangelists. St. Matthew is writing with his pen in his

left

hand. In the lower tier are the following shields, with the names as before, viz.

1st

,

Rayhere,

gules,

two

lions passant guardant in pale, in chief

two

ducal coronets, or.

2nd

.

Shaw,

gules

,

three

covered cups or. on a chief

argent

, a ship on the sea, sailing, all proper, on a dexter canton

gules

, the sword and mace of the mayor of London in saltier of the

second

; on an escutcheon of pretence, the cognizance of a baronet of Ulster, being the arms of sir James Shaw, bart. president.

3

d,

Warner,

or. a bend between

six

roses

gules

, being the arms of J. C. Warner, esq.

4th

,

,

gules

, on a bend

or.

three

leopards faces

sable

, being the arms of Rowland Stephenson, esq. treasurer. The colours of the whole are glaring; the reds have the hue of brick dust, and the purples, even now, are changing colour; the heraldry affords a striking contrast to the old shields next to be described, which are placed in the

four

windows of the clerestory, viz.

1

. The royal arms, crest, and supporters, poorly executed.

2

. The hospital, beneath is the date of

1619

.

3

. The city with the same date; the diapering of these shields very fine.

4th

.

Or.

a fesse checky,

argent

and

azure

, surmounted by a bend engrailed

gules.

Crest on a wreath, a pelican in her nest feeding her young

argent.

The sword, mace, and cap of dignity accompany these arms, which belong to sir William Stewart, lord mayor A. D.

1722

. In the west window the following arms,

azure

, a saltier

argent

on a chief

gules

,

three

mullets of the

second.

Crest, on a wreath, a blackmoor's head couped

proper

, inscribed

Mr. Henrie Andrewes, alderman, .

The ancient monuments have been preserved; the most interesting is a handsome composition consisting of a flat pointed arch in relief, below the western window it is surmounted with a cornice of strawberry leaves, and ornamented with pannels and tracery; as the inscription was gone, it has been appropriated most absurdly, to another person, by a large inscription recording the name of Elizabeth Freke, A. D.

1741

. A brass thus described by Mr. Gough still exists on the pavement,

a stone feet inches long, by feet inches wide, with the small figure of a man and woman. He is in a gown with bag sleeves, and a standing cape and belt, and on his head a striped cap. His wife is habited in a long gown, fastened with a girdle just below her breasts, with similar sleeves reaching to her wrists, and a falling cape, and on her head a kind of veil head dress. Under her feet this inscription :--

Hic facent Will«mo Markeby de Londoniis gentlemo«qui obiit xi die Julii A D«ni Mccccxxxx, et Alicia uxor ei...

619

 

Over their heads were shields, now gone. Against the south wall is a kneeling effigy in an arched niche of the period of James I. inscribed to the memory of Robert Balthrope, sergeant surgeon to queen Elizabeth, who died ... , . At the back of the pillar at the south angle of the altar is a brass plate recording the re-building of the church, as follows:

Thomas Covrtenay Warner armiger nosocomii D. Bartholomaei nvperrime thesavravivs extremis tabellis hanc fenestram vitro colorato exornatam proprio svmptv poni mandavit. A. D. MDCCCXXIV.

At the north angle the following:

Hanc aedem iam vetvstate collapsvram pristina campanarvm tvrre conservata hvivsce nosocomii patroni restavravervnt. Jacobo Shaw baronetto praeside. Rowland Stephenson armigero thesavrario Samveli Wix A. M. vicario. A. D. MDCCCXXV.

On the north side of the church is the monument of Anne, wife of sir Thomas Bodley, the founder of the celebrated library at Oxford, it is a plain black slab, with Corinthian pilasters supporting a pediment.

Thomas Bodleius, eques auratus, fecit Annae conjugi piissimae atque omnibus exemplis bene de se meritae, cum qua dilecter visit annos

24

.

 
 
Footnotes:

[] Lond. Red. vol. i. page 303.

[] We have unintentionally led our readers into an error on the subject of this gentleman's works, which we hasten to correct. Misled by most other works on London, we attributed the new front of Guildhall, and the church of Allhallows (vide page 197) to the builder of the Mansion House, who was the father of the architect of these latter buildings; the last mistake is the more difficult to apologize for, as we state that Allhallows church was his first building, this is strictly true with regard to the son, but not so as respects the elder Dance. If our readers then will insert the son of the, prior to the builder of the Mansion House in page 197 of this volume, the mistake will be corrected.

[] Sepul. Mon. vol. ii. p. 122.

View all images in this book
 Title Page
 Dedication
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
collapseCHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
collapseCHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
collapseCHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
collapseCHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
collapseCHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
collapseCHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
collapseCHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
collapseCHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
collapseCHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
collapseCHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
collapseCHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
collapseCHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
collapseCHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward
This object is in collection:
Edwin C. Bolles papers
Subjects
London (England)--History
Antiquities
Permanent URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10427/44306
ID: tufts:UA069.005.DO.00068
To Cite: DCA Citation Guide
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